FSANZ and CODEX Standards
The New Zealand and Australian Food Standards Code lists standards for food labelling in NZ & Australia and is regulated by ‘Food Standards Australia and New Zealand' (FSANZ).
All products sold in NZ & Australia must adhere to this code.
Standard: 1.2.7 : Nutrition, Health & Related Claims - relates to Gluten Free labelling on food products.
Schedule 4 - For the food to be labelled as gluten free, the food must not contain -
(a) detectable gluten; or
(b) oats or their products; or
(c) cereals containing gluten that may have been malted, or their products.
Gluten testing methods
The most widely used and accepted test for gluten in NZ and Australia is the R5 ELISA RIDASCREEN Gliadin kit.
This kit has a Limit of Detection (LOD) of 0.5 ppm gliadin (corresponding to 1ppm gluten) and a Limit of Quantification (LOQ) of 2.5 ppm gliadin (corresponding to 5 ppm gluten).
Often a limit of less than 3 parts per million (<3ppm) is referred to as the accepted limit in NZ & Australia. This can be taken to be the 'middle ground' for the LOD and LOQ of the above testing kit. However, current legislation does not refer to any quantifiable limit, only what is stated above in Standard 1.2.7.
The Codex Aliment Arius Commission was created in 1963 by FAO and WHO to develop food standards, guidelines and related texts such as codes of practice under the Joint FAO/WHO Food Standards Programme. The main purposes of this Programme are protecting health of the consumers and ensuring fair trade practices in the food trade, and promoting coordination of all food standards work undertaken by international governmental and non-governmental organizations.
Coeliac New Zealand's stance** adheres to the FSANZ legislative requirement for gluten free labelling. However, CNZ also supports the International CODEX standard, defined as ‘foods containing less than 20ppm of gluten’ as safe and suitable for a coeliac diet based on the recommendations of our consultant Gastroenterologists.
(** Please note that this stance is currently under review by CNZ)
If the Crossed Grain certified trademark is used under the CODEX standard in NZ or Australia, then you are unable to use a 'Gluten Free' claim on your packaging, advertising or marketing material.
Commission Directive (EC) No 41/2009 of 20 January 2009. Official Journal of the European Union. 21.1.2009